To identify fragments of your writing, read a sentence aloud. Sounds complete? If you go to a stranger and tell him, would it sound like a complete thought for him? Or would he wait without expecting you to be done? Even if it sounds right to you (because you already know what you mean), look at it and identify the subject (who or what did the action) and the verb (what the subject did) to make sure they`re there. (Helps identify topics and verbs in the TIP sheet, you will find parts of sentences.) If you think there is no motive or the verb sounds a little strange or the idea stops, check out the following tips. Familiarize yourself with the three groups of connecting words that can be between clauses, to avoid converging sentences and fragments. Missing verbsA fragment is fragmented because they lack a verb or an essential part of a verb. Each sentence, regardless of length, is a fragment in the absence of a verb: subjects and verbs must correspond in number (singular or plural) and person”. The concept of agreement is particularly relevant for: Unfinished Thoughts A very common type of fragment is the fragment of unfinished thought. While other types of fragments require you to add something — a subject, a verb, or both — you can often repair unfinished thought fragments by simply connecting them to a previous or next sentence. The following example contains a subject and a verb, but does not complete the thought: subjects and verbs must “match” personally (first, second, third) and number (singular, plural). With the exception of the verb “to be”, concordance is limited to predation. 2) Check sentence fragments – A sentence or clause that is not a complete grammatical sentence. Sentences that contain words that end on -ing often appear as fragments: fragments are not a big thing in conversation; Spoken English is full of them. In fact, if you spoke in whole sentences for an entire day, you`d probably have a few strange looks.
But English conventions require that you avoid writing fragments (except in very rare cases), so you need to be able to identify and correct them in your letter. Avoid subject-verb compliance issues by being aware of the following contexts.